Imagery in Sport: Olympic and Paralympic Athletes

These videos featuring Winter Olympic and Paralympic athletes are a great resource for understanding how athletes use imagery. They are taken from the New York Times series ‘Inside an Olympian Mind‘.

SNOWBOARD 1: ALEX DEIBOLD

SNOWBOARD 2: BRENNA HUCKABY

BIATHLON: LOWELL BAILEY

CROSS COUNTRY SKIING: SADIE BJORNSEN

ICE DANCING: MADISON HUBBELL AND ZACHARY DONOHUE

LUGE: MATT MORTENSEN AND JAYSON TERDIMAN

These videos are also available on the New York Times YouTube Channel and the New York Times website.

Advertisements

New research (2018): Psychological aspects of sports injury

This page contains a list of research related to the psychological aspects of sports injury published in 2018. Its aim is to be a resource for students and researchers investigating the topic. It is a ‘work in progress’ and will be updated throughout the year. If you are aware of a piece of research that you think should be added to this list please add it using the ‘leave a reply’ box at the bottom of the page. Please note that inclusion in this list does not count as an endorsement of the article.

pexels-photo-703009.jpeg

 

Arvinen-Barrow et al. (2018). Transitioning out of professional sport: the psychosocial impact of career-ending non-musculoskeletal injuries among male cricketers from England and Wales, Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology.

Mohammed, Pappous & Sharma (2018). Effect of mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) in increasing pain tolerance and improving the mental health of injured athletes, Frontiers in Psychology.

Palisch & Schaeg-Merritt (2018). Depressive symptoms in the young athlete after injury: recommendations for research, Journal of Paediatric Health Care.

Pensgaard et al. (2018). Psychosocial stress factors, including the relationship with the coach, and their influence on acute and overuse injury risk in elite female football players, BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine.

Shortway et al. (2018). Acceptance and commitment therapy for injured athletes: development and preliminary feasibility of the return to ACTion protocol, Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology.

Webster & Feller (2018). Psychological factors influencing return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, Return to Play in Football.

Webster et al. (2018). Factors Associated With Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Surgery, The American Journal of Sports Medicine.

Whale Conley et al. (2018). Use of an adaption to the health belief model to influence rehabilitation adherence in athletic training, Athletic Training and Sports Healthcare.

You may also wish to refer to the following posts on this site:

pexels-photo-332835.jpeg

 

Developing the Coach-Athlete Relationship

This post contains resources for the coaches who attended my Developing the Coach-Athlete Relationship breakfast session for LEAP on Thursday 30th November 2017 in Milton Keynes.

Click here to download a copy of the slides

Additional resources:

Olympic shorts: the coach-athlete relationship – Caroline Heaney (video)

The coach-athlete relationship journey – UK Coaching (video)

How to create a relational coaching environment – Sophia Jowett (blog post)

How to create a relational coaching environment – Sophia Jowett (infographics)

Coach, confidant, carer – Caroline Heaney (article)

When does tough coaching become bullying? – BBC Radio Leicester (audio)

Sports bullying crisis – where did it go wrong? – BBC Radio 5 Live (audio)

The coach-athlete relationship – surveys

The coach-athlete relationship is a performance factor – Bo Hanson  (article)

Please feel free to share any additional resources or comments using the box below.

There are further useful articles available on a wide range of topics on the Open University Sport and Fitness Team Blog. You can also follow the Open University Sport and Fitness Team on Twitter (@OU_Sport).

 

More about Caroline:

Open University Staff Profile

Sportingmind.org Profile

New research (2017): Psychological aspects of sports injury

This page contains a list of research related to the psychological aspects of sports injury published in 2017. Its aim is to be a resource for students and researchers investigating the topic.  It is a ‘work in progress’ and will be updated throughout the year. If you are aware of a piece of research that you think should be added to this list please add it using the ‘leave a reply’ box at the bottom of the page. Please note that inclusion in this list does not count as an endorsement of the article.

pexels-photo-416676.jpeg

Alexanders, J. & Douglas, C. (2017). The role of psychological skills within physiotherapy: a narrative review of the profession and training, Physical Therapy Reviews, DOI: 10.1080/10833196.2016.1274352

Arvinen-Barrow, M., & Clement, D. (2017, January (1st Quarter/Winter)). Preliminary investigation into sport and exercise psychology consultants’ views and experiences of an interprofessional care team approach to sport injury rehabilitation. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 31(1), 66-74.

Arvinen-Barrow, M., Hurley, D. & Ruiz, M.C. (2017). Transitioning out of professional sport: the psychosocial impact of career-ending injuries among elite Irish rugby football players. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 11(1), 67-84.

Bhasavanija, T & Kuan, G. (2017). The effect of warmth imagery on physiological, physical and psychological states among injured youth sepak takraw athletes. a case study design. International Journal of Sport, Exercises and Health Research, 1(1), 35-40.

Carson, F. & Polman, R.C.J. (2017). Self-determined motivation in rehabilitating professional rugby union players. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 9:2.

Gerometta, A., Klouche, S, Herman, S., Lefevre, N. & Bohu, Y. (2017). The shoulder instability-return to sport after injury (SIRSI): a valid and reproducible scale to quantify psychological readiness to return to sport after traumatic shoulder instability. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 26(1), 203-211.

Gnacinski, S. L., Cornell, D. J., Meyer, B. B., Arvinen-Barrow, M., & Earl-Boehm, J. E. (2016, December). Functional Movement Screen Factorial Validity and Measurement Invariance Across Sex Among Collegiate Student-Athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(12), 3388-3395.

Heaney, C. A., Rostron, C. L., Walker, N. C., & Green, A. J. (2017). Is there a link between previous exposure to sport injury psychology education and UK sport injury rehabilitation professionals’ attitudes and behaviour towards sport psychology?. Physical Therapy in Sport, 23, 99-104.

Heaney, C.A., Walker, N.C., Green, A.J.K. & Rostron, C.L. (2017). The impact of a sport psychology education intervention on physiotherapists. European Journal of Physiotherapy, 19(2), 97-103.

Ivarsson, A., Tranaeus, U, Johnson, U. & Stenling, A. (2017). Negative psychological responses of injury and rehabilitation adherence effects on return to play in competitive athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, 8, 27-32.

Maurice, S., Kuklick, C & Anderson, M. (2017). Providing social support to injured athletes: applications of the international sport coaching framework. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health, 4(5), 166-175.

Zach, S., Dobersek, U., Filho, E., Inglis, V. & Tenenbaum, G. (2017). A meta-analysis of mental imagery effects on post-injury functional mobility, perceived pain, and self efficacy. Psychology of Sport and Exercise.

 

 

The impact of a sport psychology education intervention on physiotherapists

The journal article below is available to download free of charge from the following link for a limited time only.

Heaney, C.A., Walker, N.C., Green, A.J.K. & Rostron, C.L. (2017). The impact of a sport psychology education intervention on physiotherapists. European Journal of Physiotherapy, 19(2), 97-103.

The video below provides a brief summary of the key findings from the research.

The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of an online sport psychology education module on the attitudes and behaviours of qualified sports physiotherapists in the UK. Ninety-five sport physiotherapists studied either a sport psychology module or a control module, and their attitudes and behaviours towards sport psychology were measured prior to studying the module and at three points over a six-month period following its completion. It was found that those who had studied the sport psychology module demonstrated an improvement in their attitudes towards sport psychology immediately following its completion that was significantly higher than those who had studied the control module. Use of sport psychology also increased following the sport psychology module, with significant differences seen between the intervention and control group on the sport psychology subscale, indicating that those who had studied the sport psychology module were integrating more sport psychology techniques into their practice than those who had studied the control module. It was concluded that the online sport psychology module was effective in improving the attitudes and behaviours of UK physiotherapists and that more sport psychology education opportunities should be made available.

Previous exposure to sport injury psychology education sport injury rehabilitation professionals’ attitudes and behaviour towards sport psychology

The journal article from Study 2 of my PhD is available free of charge from the following link until 11th February 2017.

Click here to view Heaney et al. (2017) in Physical Therapy in Sport

pexels-photo-460550.jpeg

 

ABSTRACT

Objectives

The use of sport psychology strategies during sport injury rehabilitation can lead to several positive outcomes such as improved adherence and self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to compare the sport psychology related attitudes and behaviours of UK sport injury rehabilitation professionals (SIRPs) who had studied the psychological aspects of sport injury to those who had not.

Participants and design

Ninety-four SIRPs (54 physiotherapists and 40 sports therapists with a mean of 9.22 years’ experience of working in sport) completed an online survey and were grouped according to their level of previous exposure to sport injury psychology education at an undergraduate/postgraduate level. Analyses were undertaken to establish whether there were any differences in sport psychology related attitude (MANOVA), usage (MANOVA), and referral behaviours (chi square) between the groups.

Results

The MANOVA and chi square tests conducted revealed that those who had studied the psychological aspects of sport injury reported using significantly more sport psychology in their practice and making more referrals to sport psychologists.

Conclusions

It was concluded that sport injury psychology education appears to be effective in increasing the sport psychology related behaviours (use of sport psychology and referral) of SIRPs and should be integrated into professional training.

New research (2016): Psychological aspects of sports injury

This page contains a list of research related to the psychological aspects of sports injury published in 2016. Its aim is to be a resource for students and researchers investigating the topic.  It is a ‘work in progress’ and will be updated throughout the year. If you are aware of a piece of research that you think should be added to this list please add it using the ‘leave a reply’ box at the bottom of the page.

pexels-photo-863988.jpeg

Arvinen-Barrow, M. and Clement, D. (2016). Preliminary investigation into sport and exercise psychology consultants’ views and experiences of an interprofessional care team approach to sport injury rehabilitation. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 1-9 (online first).

Cagle, A.J., Overcash, K.B., Rowe, D.P. & Needle, A.R. (2016). Trait anxiety as a risk factor for musculoskeletal injury in athletes: a critically appraised topic. International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training, 22(3), 26-31.

Bejar, M. P., Fisher, L. A., Nam, B. H., Larsen, L. K., Fynes, J. M., & Zakrajsek, R. A. (2016). High-level South Korean athletes’ experiences of injury and rehabilitation. The Sport Psychologist, 1-36 (online first). doi: 10.1123/tsp.2015-0060.

Forsdyke, D, Gledhill, A. and Arden, C. (2016). Psychological readiness to return to sport: three key elements to help the practitioner decide whether the athlete is REALLY ready? British Journal of Sports Medicine (online first). doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096770

Forsdyke, D., Smith, A., Jones, M. and Gledhill, A. (2016). Psychosocial factors associated with outcomes of sports injury rehabilitation in competitive athletes: A mixed studies systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(9), 537-544.

Heaney, C. A., Rostron, C. L., Walker, N. C., & Green, A. J. (2016). Is there a link between previous exposure to sport injury psychology education and UK sport injury rehabilitation professionals’ attitudes and behaviour towards sport psychology?. Physical Therapy in Sport (online first). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.08.006.

Hsu, C. J., Meierbachtol, A., George, S. Z., & Chmielewski, T. L. (2016). Fear of reinjury in athletes implications for rehabilitation. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach (online first), 1941738116666813.

Ivarsson, A., Johnson, U., Andersen, M.B., Tranaeus, U, Stenling, A., and Lindwall, M. (2016). Psychosocial factors and sport injuries: meta-analyses for prediction and prevention. Sports Medicine, doi:10.1007/s40279-016-0578-x

Madrigal, L., Wurst, K. & Gill, D.L. (2016). The role of mental toughness in coping and injury response in female roller derby and rugby athletes. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 10(2), 137-154.

Putukian, M. (2016). The psychological response to injury in student athletes: a narrative review with a focus on mental health. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(3), 145-148.

Roy-Davis, K, Wadey, R. & Evans, L. (2016, in press). A grounded theory of sport injury-related growth. Exercise and Performance Psychology.

Sheinbein, S. (2016). Psychologcal effect of injury on the athlete: a recommendation for psychological intervention. AMAA Journal, Fall/Winter, 8-10.

Zakrajsek, R. A., Martin, S. B., & Wrisberg, C. A. (2016). National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I certified athletic trainers’ perceptions of the benefits of sport psychology services. Journal of Athletic Training, 51(5), 0-0 (online first). doi:10.4085/1062-6050-51.5.13